Specifically it is difficult to express the origin of the Mediterranean architectural style because the Mediterranean region is so vast, covering three continents namely Europe, Asia, and Africa that surround the Mediterranean Sea. The architectural style carried by Spanish immigrants to the United States is referred to as Mediterranean architecture.
The Spaniards at that time came to the Florida region in the 16th century by extending their architectural style to a country that was a region of colonialism. The golden age of the Mediterranean architectural style took place in the southern part of the United States, which took place in the early 19th century. So, it can be said that the Mediterranean architectural style is an architectural style originating from Spain.
The Mediterranean word itself gives the impression of an atmosphere of a blue sky with the warmth of the sun. In their home countries, the Mediterranean architectural style arises because of adjustments to local environmental conditions that are generally hot climates.
Due to the hot climate, the beauty of Mediterranean-style buildings has the character of thick-walled buildings to protect the heat during the day, but still warm at night. A small window is used to hold the heat. The park which is located inside the building so that its privacy is a characteristic of the Mediterranean style.
The art of the Spanish and also its architecture was much influenced by Roman arts such as round arched, rhythmic, and sunloving. The Colosseum in Rome is one of the buildings that has the characteristic of a mediterranean Roman architectural building that was built around 70 to 80th
Mediterranean architectural style seeks to harmonize the state of nature around the building. This can be seen from the materials used, which are mostly natural from nature, such as natural stone materials and clay used on the walls of buildings. The style of Mediterranean architecture in Indonesia itself is much influenced by Islamic civilization, which can be seen from the curvature of the entrance, window, and porch.
Here are some characteristics of buildings with Mediterranean style:
Portico or porch is a decorative element which is usually presented in front of the entrance supported by a pole.
2.Column / pillar
Columns are one of the elements derived from classical Greek and Roman architecture on windows, doors and portico. Supporting columns that are often used are columns made of brick. The pillar is the dominant part of the façade of the house and gives the impression of luxury.
The size of a terrace or wide breezeway or court yard complete with a fountain is a way to keep the temperature comfortable. The presence of elements of water and gardens in Mediterranean architecture is the influence of the Moors when mastering Spain. For the Moors the park is ‘earthy paradise’.
The shape of the sloping roof, flat, and the shape of the gable is the shape of the roof that is commonly used in the Mediterranean style. Most buildings also use trellis or deep eaves.